Though distinct, ceramic and porcelain are pretty similar materials. Both materials are made from clay, whether it’s natural or manmade and created from pulverized rock, slate or marble. All porcelain tiles are ceramic, but not all ceramic tiles are porcelain.
Ceramic tile tends to be the more cost-effective option out of the two. Other perks of ceramic include that It is easier for the installer to cut and manipulate, and it also comes in a wider range of color options than porcelain.
What makes a ceramic tile also classify as porcelain? The composition of porcelain must include feldspar. Feldspar is a crystal that, during the firing process, melts into a glass-like material and bonds all the other ingredients together. Porcelain tile is fired at a higher temperature than ceramic tile.
Due to its unique composition and firing, porcelain tile is denser than ceramic and less prone to breakage. While more expensive than ceramic, porcelain tile is still more cost-effective than natural stone tile. Additionally, because porcelain is extremely water-resistant, it better withstands exposure to low temperatures that cause freezing and thawing.
In addition to ceramic and porcelain, tile also can be made from natural materials like travertine, granite, marble, slate, and limestone. Natural tile is often more costly than ceramic or porcelain.
Tile is one of many options to choose from when flooring your home – and it offers distinct benefits. Beautiful, durable finishes are among the biggest perks of tile flooring. What’s more, it’s an all-natural, chemical-free option that leaves a minimal carbon footprint while giving your floors maximum sophistication – for an affordable and accessible long-term price.